Monday, 04 July 2022

I Info Notes

Abstract

The contribution of the agricultural sector to Ghana's economy has been dwindling inrelative terms from a high of 39 per cent in 1990s to about 21 percent in 2014 (ISSER,2015). This reduction to the sector’s GDP notwithstanding, sector continues to play amajor role in the country’s socio-economic growth. However, the sector is threatenedby the effects of climate variability and climate change. There are already efforts beingmade at various levels to address this threat through the adoption and adaption ofvarious technologies and practices. This paper profiles technologies and practices thatrespond to CSA principles and characteristics in the northern Guinea savannah andForest agro-ecological zones of Ghana. Two regional workshops were held in Wa andKumasi for the savannah and forest zones respectively. Over 200 participants consistingof farmers, NGOs, FBOs, MoFA directors and extension workers, traditional rulers,District Chief Executives, Academia and researchers were involved in the technologyidentification and profiling employing a matrix-ranking tool in the working groups atthe various workshops. Participants identified 61 and 21 CSA technologies andpractices in the Guinea Savannah and the Forest zones respectively and recommendedscaling up of these technologies in the various zones. While the traditional rulers andfarmers bemoaned the lack of synergy among the institutions involved in CSA and thelack of policy continuity, policy makers called for strengthening of collaborationbetween the stakeholders for CSA. The policy and decision makers further called onscientists to make CSA accessible at the farmer level through demonstrations and factsheets for awareness creation and education and promised to support research andextension with the needed funds. Representatives of Academia and Research on theirpart pledged solutions that are sustainable and have climate change adaptation andmitigation effects for profit and the well-being of farmers.

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